England Censuses

UK Censuses  A census of the United Kingdom population has been taken every ten years since 1801 (with the exception of 1941 during World War II).    The UK censuses cover England, Wales, Scotland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.  Ireland was included with the UK censuses up to 1911.

From 1801 to 1831, the census data mainly consisted of headcounts and provide little personal information.  However, from 1841, the UK census records the names of all individuals in a household or institution - providing a wealth of information for genealogical or family history research.

Public access to census data is limited under the terms of the 100 year rule.  Each census contains slightly different information - more information is included in later censuses. 

Online Census Data - All UK censuses from 1841 to 1901 are now available online with full index and search facilities.

1841 Census - The 1841 Census was taken for the night of 6th June and returns were kept for the first time.  Information for each address included: the name of each person that spent the night in the household, their age (rounded down to the nearest 5 years for people over 15), sex, profession or occupation and information about their county or country of birth.

1851 Census - The 1851 Census was taken for the night of the 30th March.  Information for each address included: the name of each person that spent the night in the household, their relationship to the person recorded as head of the household, their marital status, age at last birthday, sex, their rank, profession or occupation, their place of birth and whether they were blind, deaf or an idiot.

1861 Census - The 1861 Census was taken for the night of the 7th April.  It recorded similar data to the 1851 Census.  Note that about 5% to 10% of this census is missing.

1871 Census - The 1871 Census was taken for the night of the 2nd April.  It recorded similar data to the 1861 Census, and recorded whether each person was an employer, employee or neither and whether they were blind, deaf, dumb, imbecile, idiot or lunatic.

1881 Census - The 1881 Census was taken for the night of the 3rd April.  It recorded similar data to the 1871 Census.

1891 Census - The 1891 Census was taken for the night of the 5th April.  It recorded similar data to the 1881 Census.

1901 Census - the 1901 Census was taken for the night of 31st March.  It recorded name, age, marital status, relationship to head of household, birthplace and location on census night.

Able was I ere I saw Elba

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